Job interviews for interpreters are a waste of everyone’s time.

They select people who are good at sitting at a table talking about themselves.

kananaskis country, ab
The place where I learned to interview and be interviewed: Kananaskis Country, AB

We all know what it’s like to go through the stressful process of being interviewed for a job. And if you’ve been in the interpretive business for a while, you probably know what it’s like to sit on both sides of the table; perhaps you’ve done it more times than you care to remember.

Has it ever occurred to you, as you sit there through your third day of interviews, that the classic 45-minute job interview does nothing but select candidates who can sit and talk about themselves better than anybody else can?

Is that the kind of position you’re filling?

Finding people who are actually good at interpretation

If it is, then I guess an interview is the right process for you. But what if you’re actually trying to find individuals who excel at other things, like captivating audiences, connecting with people, and changing lives? If you are hiring an interpreter—or a group of interpreters— to bring your summer program to life, I think you have other options. I think it’s time for us to let go of the traditional job interview. It’s exhausting, ineffective, and boring as hell.

Let me bring you a perspective from my own background. For many years, I made about half my living though professional acting. And when you’re applying for jobs in theatre, film and television, nobody calls you in for an interview. Nobody sits you down and asks you how you might play the role. And it’s not that they don’t care; it’s just that they have better ways to assess you. So they make you get up on your feet, and you show them. You don’t talk about your skills; you demonstrate them. You get one chance: pass or fail. And if you showed them what they were looking for, you get a callback and you go in and you show them some more.

Why on earth do we not do this in interpretation?

I know what you’re going to say: “But we DO ask our candidates to show us their skills in our interviews.” Yes, if you’re like most agencies, you do. You ask them to prepare a little something, and that little something takes up approximately four minutes of a 45-minute interview. And those other 41 minutes are spent talking—asking questions that are never really going to tell you what you need to know in order to hire the best people for the job. To wit:

The Second-Dumbest Interview Question in the World

Q: We’d just like to begin by asking you to tell us how your skills and experience are applicable to this position.

IN OTHER WORDS: “We couldn’t really be arsed to read your resume ahead of time, so we’d like you sum it up for us now.”  Not only are you squandering everyone’s time, you’re handing control of the interview to the candidate who can now spend the next ten precious minutes blowing their own horn and drawing attention away from all the things they don’t want you to notice about them. I’ve been there and done that, from both sides of the table.

The World’s #1 Dumbest Interview Question

Q: What would you say is your biggest weakness as a candidate for this position?

A: Well, I would have to say that… hmm…  well, it’s just that I TRY TOO HARD and I CARE TOO MUCH and I JUST DON’T KNOW WHEN TO STOP WORKING. I just throw too much of myself into the job and I just GIVE AND I GIVE and… (sniff)… oh I can’t go on…

STOP ASKING THIS QUESTION. Do you think your candidate is going to tell you that they fall asleep halfway through their own presentations? That they fly into a jealous rage when one of their colleagues has a successful program? That they send texts while driving government vehicles? They will not. You want to know the answer to this question? ASK THEIR EX-EMPLOYERS. Dig for the answer. Probe! The answer is out there; just don’t expect a candidate with half a brain to tell you.

See what I mean? Interviews are lame. They emphasize the wrong things, they select for the wrong skills, and they are ridiculously inefficient. And it’s that inefficiency that is their greatest drawback.

Looking for a more efficient and effective hiring process

Let’s look at the average agency’s needs when hiring seasonal interpreters. You may have six, seven or even more positions to fill. Now, let’s assume that for each position, you want to see four candidates. (And you really should see at least four candidates per job.) That’s 24 interviews, or four solid, mind-numbing days of sitting at a table to find six good interpreters.

And the most heartbreaking thing about the process? At the end of those four evil days of dear-god-they-all-blend-into-each-other-I-really-hope-I-took-good-notes interviews, you might still not have the people you need.

What if I suggested to you that there is a way to see not just four candidates but eight candidates per position, end up with better people, and save a lot of time?

Here’s what I propose:

Take the most essential skill that you require, and evaluate it first. Make that evaluation pass or fail. Just as, with my acting gigs, I had to show up and actually act, interpreters should be called upon to simply show up and interpret. No interview. Pass or fail, do or die, ten minutes total, in and out. Let’s call it the interpretive audition.

The Interpretive Audition: How It Works

Over the next two articles, I’ll outline what I believe to be a more effective selection process for interpreters. The steps are as follows:

  1. The online screening questionnaire and interpretive writing submission
  2. The ten-minute interpretive audition, followed by the proctored knowledge test
  3. The Anderson Cooper-style reference check
  4. The 15-minute phone interview, if absolutely necessary.
  5. The bliss, the happiness of a functional group of talented interpreters with a supervisor who’s not burnt out before the season starts

Workshop interviews are not the answer.

And for bonus points: Why Workshop Interviews Are A Misstep in the Right Direction

I’ll be looking forward to your comments, questions and stories from your experience along the way.

Hey, if you want to be sure to catch all of this interpretive goodness in the weeks to come, why don’t you sign up for my monthly e-newsletter? I never spam my readers, I never sell my email list, and I only send one bulletin per month.


  1. carolne russell-king

    Yes! And hire dramaturgs and/or pros to look over your scripts, work one -on-one with you. Workshop the materials just as you would for theatre… learn how to find a narrative in objects…. Let’s team up and offer a workshop!

    • Caroline- you’re getting way ahead of my series here! But yes, you’re bang on. In interpretation, we need to be writing fewer, better scripts instead of endlessly churning out promising first drafts and then discarding them at the end of a season. More to come.

  2. I both love and hate interviewing potential staff and so have designed very specific interview structures for the various positions I hire for. The “audition” is KEY to hiring interpreters!!! How can you possibly know what they’re going to do on the floor if you don’t see them do it yourself?!

    • Nicole- I’d love to hear your interview techniques. Mind you I will propose that we make the bold move toward abandoning the interview altogether. More and more I rely on the reference check to tell me what the candidate is really like to work with, and the audition to see how they are with the public. Smooth-talking candidates will mislead you in an interview. And interpreters are the smoothest of talkers. Does that sound cynical? I’m getting old…

  3. With Alberta Parks we do a full day workshop with about 15 candidates on each day – they sing, play characters, do creative writing, present point duties to the group, to a natural history ID quiz, and sit in for a 10 minute interview with the panel. We do a total of 4 of these days! It’s a great way to get to know the candidates, see how they interact with the other people in the group, and to see what they can do in front of an audience.

    This process works great and as a result we have award winning interpreters and programs across the province!

  4. Great ideas on hiring better interpreters, Don. I’ve used some of the ideas when hiring teachers. I learned the hard way not to ask “what is your weakness”? One person went on at length about weaknesses and used the interview as a therapy session! I subsequently referred the person to a therapist. Instead, I ask, “what would the people you work with tell me about you”? This is open ended enough to get the information you need that can be verified by the reference checks.
    I remember being hired for an administrative position many years ago. I had to teach the interview panel something in five minutes! The lesson was evaluated on my enthusiasm, ability to engage the panel, time management, and whether the panel learned what was taught! I sure had to be concise and to the point! I don’t remember what I taught, but, I do remember my friend brought a number of pairs of drumsticks to his interview and taught the panel how to do a perfect drumroll! Seeing a candidate do something related to the position available is a great strategy!

    • Dorothy- Wow, I’m so sorry I wasn’t there for the therapy session.

      One of the best interview questions I’ve learned over the years is simply, “Tell us about yourself.” It’s good question for two reasons: it’s completely open and leads the candidate nowhere- so the first thing out of their mouth gives you a very good idea of how they see themselves, IE “I’m a parent.” “I’m a problem solver.” “I’m an artist.” etc. Secondly, candidates often volunteer very interesting information: stuff you either wouldn’t think to ask, or wouldn’t be allowed to ask.

  5. So… I just finished watching the movie “The Hundred-foot Journey.” In it, Helen Mirren’s character interviews chefs by simply getting them to make an omelette. She only takes one bite to decide whether they are hired. They either have “it” or they don’t. Thanks to you, I watched this and thought, “why are we not interviewing interpreters by tasting their omelettes? Wait… that sounds strange.

    • Cal- yes, they either have “it” or they don’t- or, perhaps, they have shown us something genuine and exciting we can develop and work with as mentors. I agree completely.

      May all your omelettes be delicious.

  6. My next instalment is now online, Workshop Interviews- A Dissenting Opinion.

  7. Parks Canada had a good interview process in my time there – it was a mix of knowledge, show and tell – a knowledge exam, an interview component with 3 supervising interpreters and a “show me” component to stage examples of interpretive programs. This selected good interpreters with potential to grow over a few seasons.

  8. Robert Lanier

    Spot on!!! Good interpretation is a lot like good acting. Some people have and some don’t. This is exactly how I would like to be interviewed for an interpreter job!

  9. Hi Don. I enjoyed reading everyone’s thoughts on interpretive interviews. Lots of great ideas. I too was fed up with the regular government hiring process that I was subjected to when I got hired. It was painful. I wanted to try something different so I invited 25 candidates to a full day workshop with lunch provided. Throughout the day the candidates had a variety of group activities to do plus a presentation for everyone else with structured feedback. It was a fabulous experience. After the workshop I invited 8 for follow-up interviews. We got 5 top notch interpreters who are all still working in the interpretive field today. Many of the candidates said it was a fabulous experience even though they did not get offered a job. The only negative was from my HR department who I did not inform what I was doing and they basically said not to do it again. It was fun for us as well and we felt we accomplished more in two days then the normal interview process and we were all energized and ready to go as soon as the interviews were over. HR had no policies in place to deal with this kind of interview process so that was my first and last time using this approach. It is great to see other people pushing the envelop.

  10. J. Patrick Barry

    Hi Don, As I have told you before, I always appreciate your innovative ideas and this is no exception.
    When I served as an interpretive trainer, we asked participants to produce a display and give a presentation to the group. We could spot talent and creativity quite easily. Since the display planning was a group activity, we could assess how well they played with others.
    Thanks for sharing your good ideas.
    Pat Barry

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